当前位置: 首页>>科学研究>>学术动态>>正文

外国语言文化论坛(第九十三讲)

来源:日期:2017-06-12 16:11点击:

      Dr. Martin Pickering教授简介

    Dr. Martin Pickering (The University of Edinburgh)爱丁堡大学哲学、心理以及语言科学院教授,爱丁堡皇家学会会员,担任著名的心理语言学期刊Journal of Memory and Language主编。在国际知名语言学及认知科学期刊发表论文200多篇(google scholar h-index=57)。

     讲座题目: 语言的表征与加工:来自结构启动的证据

         :  2017612日下午16:30-18:30

         :  逸夫外文楼十层多功能学术报告厅B1001

     摘要:When people hold conversations, they tend to copy each others linguistic choices, and such imitation underlies communicative success.  It suggests that interlocutors share a range of linguistic representations, and also that each individual draws on largely equivalent representations in production and comprehension.  In this talk, I consider the nature of these representations and their relationship to language processing.  I primarily focus on representations concerned with syntax and discuss work looking at English, Mandarin, and Cantonese, in both monolinguals and bilinguals, using the experimental method known as structural priming (Pickering & Ferreira, 2008).  I briefly review early work demonstrating structural priming in dialogue, in which interlocutors tend to utter a sentence like The cowboy handing the banana to the burglar after their partner has used a syntactically similar utterance a tendency which is considerably enhanced if the verb is repeated (the lexical boost).  I report similar findings in Mandarin within a speaker (i.e., production-to-production priming), and suggest that the same representations are used across languages and modalities.

      Priming is informative about the nature of linguistic representation, and provides a method that is in many ways superior to the use of acceptability judgements (Branigan & Pickering, in press). I illustrate this by considering several studies involving Mandarin, concerned with such issues as the syntactic representation of missing arguments, the question of whether semantics and syntax are fully autonomous, and the status of closed-class elements.  I also consider structural priming between languages and discuss its implication for language integration in bi- and multi-linguals. I report recent studies on the effects of language distance on priming, by comparing priming between Cantonese and Mandarin with priming between English and Mandarin.  Throughout my talk, I emphasise the importance of priming for understanding cognitive representations both how they are involved in psycholinguisticquestions of language processing and linguisticquestions of the nature of language itself. In conclusion, priming provides a method for understanding fundamental issues in the language sciences, and at the same time underlies natural, everyday conversation.

主办单位:西安交通大学国际合作与交流处

                                              西安交通大学外国语学院

上一条:外国语言文化论坛(第九十四讲)

下一条:外国语言文化论坛(第九十二讲)

关闭】

学院联系电话:(029)82663712 传真:(029)82665683 Copyright © 2012 西安交通大学外国语学院 All Rights Reserved.
读取内容中,请等待...
捷配仪器仪表网 江苏成富农业技术开发有限公司 四川新闻网 摇篮网 U盘装机大师官网 阿勒泰地区邮政管理局 西安交通大学研究生招生信息网 皇朝翠玉 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州邮政管理局 长沙市人民政府国有资产监督管理委员会 长沙市商事服务管理信息平台 阿克苏地区邮政管理局 质检仪器装备网 连云港市外商投资企业协会 第一修复网 长沙市安全生产信息网 中国教育装备采购网 四川新闻网 西安交大离退休工作处 武汉市房地产市场信息网 长沙市文化广电新闻出版局 元器件交易网 昌吉回族自治州邮政管理局 连云港市人民政府国有资产监督管理委员会 西安交通大学医学部 重庆中国青年旅行社有限公司 中国领先免费找企业管理培训讲师的机构 全球阀门网 海尔学院 北京买翡翠首选翡翠街 郑州大学工程硕士 天地图·连云港 郑州大学新闻网2013版 克拉玛依市邮政管理局 威廉希尔娱乐 卡宝宝网 阿里伯乐 连云港市政务服务中心 太平洋安防网 人才培养处 连云港信息统计网 连云港市商务局 爱板网 高速宝 中国和田玉网 ArchSo建筑搜索 生活服务类团购网站大全! 连云港农业资源开发局 西安交通大学研究生院 西安交通大学校园统一支付平台